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Moldova Geography
 
 
 

General

Moldova is a landlocked nation located in eastern Europe, between Ukraine and Romania. It has a total area of 33,843 km² (13,067 mi²). Moldova shares boundaries with Ukraine on the north, east and south; and Romania on the west. Moldova's border length totals 1,389 km (864 mi). Its capital city, Chisinau, is located in the south central part of the country.

The largest part of the nation lies between two rivers, the Dniester and the Prut. The western border of Moldova is formed by the Prut river, which joins the Danube before flowing into the Black Sea. Moldova has access to the Danube for only about 480 m (1,575 ft), and Giurgiuleşti is the only Moldovan port on the Danube. In the east, the Dniester is the main river, flowing through the country from north to south, receiving the waters of Răut, Bâc, Ichel, Botna. Ialpug flows into one of the Danube limans, while Cogâlnic into the Black Sea chain of limans. Liman is a name for a lake, bay, or estuary formed at the mouth of a river where flow is blocked by a bar of sediments.

While most of the country is hilly, elevations never exceed 430 m (1,411 ft) – the highest point being the Bălăneşti Hill. Moldova's hills are part of the Moldavian Plateau, which geologically originate from the Carpathian Mountains. Its subdivisions in Moldova include Dniester Hills (Northern Moldavian Hills and Dniester Ridge), Moldavian Plain (Middle Prut Valley and Bălţi Steppe), and Central Moldavian Plateau (Ciuluc-Soloneţ Hills, Corneşti Hills, Lower Dniester Hills, Lower Prut Valley and Tigheci Hills). In the south, the country has a small flatland, the Bugeac Plain. The territory of Moldova east of the river Dniester is split between parts of the Podolian Plateau, and parts of the Eurasian Steppe.

Moldova's proximity to the Black Sea gives it a mild and sunny climate. Moldova's climate is moderately continental: the summers are warm and long, with temperatures averaging about 20°C (68°F), and the winters are relatively mild and dry, with January temperatures averaging -4°C (24.8°F). Annual rainfall, which ranges from around 600 mm (23.6 in) in the north to 400 mm (15.7 in) in the south, can vary greatly; long dry spells are not unusual. The heaviest rainfall occurs in early summer and again in October; heavy showers and thunderstorms are common. Because of the irregular terrain, heavy summer rains often cause erosion and river silting.

Overview

Location :
Eastern Europe, northeast of Romania

Geographic coordinates :
47 00 N, 29 00 E

Map references :
Europe

Area :
total: 33,851 sq km
land: 32,891 sq km
water: 960 sq km


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